Decision Support helps the management to make decisions. Decision Support Systems facilitate decision makers to access data relevant. Software applications facilitate users to search critical information that are crucial for management.
Decision Support Systems fall into a wide spectrum of interpretations because of the wide range of domains in which decisions are being made. But in general, Decision Support Systems are a very specific group or collection of computerized information system which can support business and organizational decision-making activities.
Any properly designed Decision Support Systems features and interactive software based system geared towards helping decision makers compile useful information from raw data, documents, personal knowledge, and business models to identify and solve problems and make decisions.
A typical Decision Support System is composed of a database management system, a model-base management system and a dialog generation and management system.
The database management system is the system which stores all kind of data and information. These data may come from various sources but mainly from an organization’s data repository such as databases, data marts or data warehouse. other sources of data may include the internet in general as well as individual users’ personal insights and experiences.
The model-base management system refers to the component that takes care of all facts, situations and events which have been modeled in different techniques such as optimization model and goal seeking model.
The dialog generation and management system refers to the interface management such as graphical windows and button in software where the end users use to interact with the whole system.
There are so many uses for a Decision Support System and one of the most common is in business enterprises in all kinds of industries. Some of the information that can be derived from the system for decision support may include all of current information assets which could include legacy and relational data sources, cubes, data warehouses, and data marts, sales figures in any given period intervals, new product sales assumptions which will be used as basis for revenue projections and any experiences related to any given context which can be the basis for different organizational decisions.
In another aspect which is not directly related to business enterprise, a Decision Support System may be used for hospitals as in the case of a clinical decision support system used for fast and accurate medical diagnosis.
The system could also be used for government agencies so they can have support for decisions such as how to effectively deliver basic services to whoever need them most or how best to run the economy based on a certain trend in any given period.
It could also be used in the agricultural sector so that wise decisions can be made on what crops best suit a particular area or which fertilizers are best for certain types of crops.
In the education sector, the system can be used to aid in deciding which subject areas many students fail and how the school can revise the curriculum to make it more relevant and effective.
In the internet, Decision Support System can be used by website administrators to determine which webpages are most visited and what other functionalities and services need to be developed so that more visitors will be enticed to access the site.
Virtually all aspects of operations, whether business enterprise non-business, can use and greatly benefit from a Decision Support System. Investing in a Decision Support System software application can be a wise move for any organization.